CARNIVAL IS ONE OF THE POPULAR traditions in the history of mankind. PROBABLy they HAVE THEIR ORIGINs IN pagan rituals Bacchus, the god of wine; In the feasts that were made in an ox APIS HONOR IN EGYPT; OR THE “Saturnalia” ROMAN, honoring the god Saturn. Some historians state that the FIRST CARNIVAL dates back to ancient Sumaria, MORE THAN FIVE THOUSAND YEARS AFTER PASSING THE HABIT OF CELEBRATION Egypt and the Roman Empire, from which spread throughout Europe, having been brought to America by SPANISH AND PORTUGUESE IN TIMES OF SETTLEMENT AND CONQUEST OF THE XV CENTURY.
WITH OVER TIME, THE CARNIVAL WAS ADOPTED BY people with Christian tradition before Lent. THE word carnival comes from Latin MEDIEVAL carnelevarium, referring to the religious prohibition to eat meat during the forty days of the Lent. TODAY, THE CARNIVAL IS ROOTED TO VERY POPULAR CELEBRATION away from its religious significance, lengthening CELEBRATIONS TO THE FIRST WEEKEND OF MARCH.
HERE I LEAVE A BRIEF EXPLANATION OF SOME international CARNIVALS.
The Carnival of Venice is unique in the world and its tradition dates back to XI century, although not declared a public holiday until two centuries later
Venice carnival reached its peak in the Eighteenth Century, a time when aristocrats coming from very different places, very often princes and nobles, would escape and enjoy the event attending feasts.
For centuries it was the way of escape of citizens to evade GRAND VENETIAN GOVERNMENT CONTROL. With the occupation of Venice Napoleon’s army CARNIVAL was banned for fear they will generate plots. CARNIVAL was recovered in 1979.
Trinidad and Tobago Carnival
It IS ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT FESTIVITIES of that country in the annual cycle of their culture. JUST BEING HOLDING A CARNIVAL IN TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO, WHEN THEIR PARTICIPANTS are ALREADY THINKING IN THE FOLLOWING YEAR. HEART of the festival is the music, and more particularly the SOCA, Afro-Caribbean Rhythm DEVELOPED ON THE ISLAND OF CALYPSO TRINIDAD DERIVATIVE.
ALTHOUGH MOST OF THE TRINITY SPEAK ENGLISH, IN FACT, Carnival was introduced to Trinidad and Tobago from the French, who kept control of the island until the eighteenth century. calypso, took root among the population as a valve AFRICAN DESCENT OF ESCAPE TO COLONIAL OPPRESSION, SLAVERY AND REPRESSION OF ANGLICAN religious who disapproved CELEBRATION OF THE FEAST.
The first dance Rio Carnival takes place in 1840 AND PARTICIPANTS danced polkas and waltzes, as opposed to SAMBA, which was not introduced until 1917.
Carnival festivities in Rio, are of one week duration until Ash Wednesday, it has BECOME ONE OF THE MOST FAMOUS world events, SEEN BY MILLIONS OF PEOPLE, samba parades throughout the city, Sambodromo. TWELVE SAMBA SCHOOLS compete for the championship title in the stadium that hosts the Carnival in Rio for 4 days. THE INTRODUCTION OF THE SAMBA IN BRAZIL AND THE BIRTH OF THE SAMBA SCHOOLS MUSIC AND DANCE PARTNER TO SAMBA CARNIVAL IN BRAZIL since 1917. SAMBA is originally from Angola and West Africa and the slaves introduced into these lands FINDING IN This type of music comfort in difficult times. With the abolition of slavery, many of these slaves moved to Rio and settled in places like PRACE CIDADE NOVA ONZE And that became important centers of music and dance SAMBA. THIS RATE AS gained in popularity, composers, musicians and dancers used to gather to express their talent, FORMING clubs and associations competing with each other. These groups accounted THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE SAMBA SCHOOLS, WHICH FIRST OFFICIAL PARADE HELD IN 1932.
Dancing Devils of Yare, VENEZUELA
They are a religious holiday celebrated in San Francisco de Yare, Miranda state (VENEZUELA) ON CORPUS CHRISTI, CONDUCTED BY THE “COMPANY OF THE BLESSED”. CONSIDERED OF one of UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE.
It dates back to the eighteenth century, being the oldest of AMERICAS BROTHERHOOD. This BROTHERHOOD OF DEVILS is divided into a hierarchy, REPRESENTED IN THEIR MASKS.
EVERY THURSDAY OF CORPUS CHRISTI (9 Thursdays after Holy Thursday) is a ritual dance of so-called Devil Dancers WHERE they worship the Blessed Sacrament and SE celebrates the triumph of good over Mal. COLORFUL DRESS SUITS (USUALLY COMPLETELY RED), layers and masks APPEARANCE grotesque ornaments FURTHER AS CRUCES, scapulars, rosaries and other amulets.
THE DEVILS DANCe to the beat of A TYPICAL DRUM iN THE STREETS full OF PEOPLE and then kneel facing the church, remaining a sign of respect to THE BLESSED, while the priest blesses them. MUSIC AND DANCE CONTINUE AS the DEVILS visit the homes of some dead DEVILS to pay respects. The celebration ends WHEN THE LATE AFTERNOON the bells of the Church ring and the Brotherhood is dispersed UNTIL the NEXT YEAR, WHEN THIS RITE continues where good must always prevail over evil.
MARDI GRAS: IS THE NAME OF CARNIVAL TO BE HELD IN NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA, MOBILE, Alabama and St. Louis, Missouri (USA). Its name derives from French. BUT it IS CALLED TRADITIONALLY “Mardi Gras”. CELEBRATED THE DAY BEFORE Ash Wednesday. MARDI GRAS is properly the parade that takes place on the last day, but often, it is associated with the season. The so-called “FAT TUESDAY ‘MEANS THAT WAS THE LAST DAY TO ENJOY THE CULINARY DELIGHTS BOTH CARNAL AS BEFORE THE TIME OF WITHDRAWAL TO MARK THE BEGINNING OF HOLY WEEK. The TRADITION BEGAN WHEN Louisiana was settled by the French. THE FIRST CELEBRATION OF WHICH WAS KNOWN TO OCCUR IN DOCUMENTARY 1699. It STILL is not known exactly when really started SUCH festivities. HOWEVER, FOR THE YEAR 1743 it already resembled a well-established tradition.